Bureau of technical supervision

Plants for green roofs

Roofs – not the most suitable place for plants: they are highly susceptible to heat, cold, wind and drought, plus they can not withstand a lot of weight, so the plants produce only a few centimeters of the soil. So typically, green roofs use plants found in deserts, on rocks and in the other they are not very hospitable places. Fortunately, among them we can find truly stunning views: beautiful, strange, and sometimes even edible or just useful.Растения для зеленой крыши

As it became known BTN.kiev.ua plants for green roofs can be divided into four categories: succulents, grasses, wild flowers and aromatic herbs.

Succulents or fleshy, succulent plants, green roofs. If on the roof you can place the layer of soil no thicker than 10 cm, then such plants should make up the bulk. Succulents can live almost without water and soil. They come in various colors, so the palette is quite large.
King green roofs can be considered to be stonecrop. Hundreds of species of plants fill in the cracks in the rocks and gorges around the world. And that’s stonecrop became the first plant that used on the green roof.Растения для зеленой крыши_1
Young called the Ajuga, chicken with Chicks (adults roses grow thumbnails), Latin for “forever young” (sempervivum). Like stonecrop, houseleek is characterized by a short stature and a variety of colors.
Aeonium tree – a kind of young, which is a small tree (above 60 cm). It seems that it is more appropriate Mars as the home planet and not Earth. Unlike other succulents, aeonium can give a variety of vertical garden on the roof. And his subspecies “Black head” so deep purple that it looked almost black. The supervision of construction of such houses is carried out in the same way as for conventional houses.

According to BTN.kiev.ua most of the herbs won’t survive the summer on the roof if they are not watered constantly. But even among them there were representatives who will cope with this nuisance. A green grass roof is not considered as such from a Botanical point of view, the more accurate their name – herbaceous plants. As succulents, they can cover a large area. Many of them are self-pollinating, so a roof garden can become simulatenously landscape.Черная голова

Thrift is a seaside wavy tuft of grass. In natural conditions it grows on dunes and cliffs by the ocean (hence the “coastal” in the title), so it is well suited to the conditions on the roof, especially homes on the water. Unlike the rest of the grass, summer thrift topped with pink or purple flowers.
Black sedge is often grown on the roofs, because it does not need much soil compared to other herbs or herbaceous plants.

Wildflowers are planted not in such quantities as succulents and herbs, as they require more soil. So they can be put in different places, creating small mounds of flowers in the middle of the “green sea”.
Astra Alpine accustomed to the harsh weather and thin soil. But, nevertheless, she can show off bouquets of yellow flowers with rich purple petals that attract butterflies.Астра альпийская
Yarrow, also known as porezna grass, unlike asters will grow all over the living roof. This strong medicinal plants aromatic leaves and a wide, concave flowers that serve as an excellent platform for butterflies. And yarrow stand is not too dense pedestrian flow.Тимьян обыкновенный

The scented herbs alive, the roof becomes a meadow with edible herbs. A big part of culinary herbs (or “kitchen green”) grows in dry, rocky places, so they are ideal for the roofs.
Common thyme is a typical representative of garden thyme, growing only a few inches, so as yarrow, can be walked on. Thyme can be used in aromatherapy, and in the kitchen.
Oregano, or oregano, it grows on rocky slopes around the Mediterranean. Its height is slightly more than 10 cm. Oregano will give a special flavor to any roof.